Saving and Restoring a Console File

How to Save Console File

Once you have have created a console you like by loading snap-ins and arranging windows, you can save the console to a file with the default extension of .MSC
Loading the file later recreates the saved console state.

Save console files called tools are not tied to large amounts of managed data, so it is practical to create multiple console files and to share them by e-mail or other means. Tools can be shared as read only, so the people receiving and using them cannot change them.

To save a console:

  1. On the Console menu, click Save Console As.
  2. Type a name for the file in the File name box, and then click Save.

To restore a console file when you are not already running MMC

  1. Double click the .msc file in Windows NT Explorer
  2. Click Start, click Run and then specify the save console file name in the Open dialog box.

To load a saved console from within MMC

  1. On the console menu, click Open.
  2. Type the file name and then click Open.

Features associated with the MMC interface

The following is a summary of the features associated with the MMC interface:

Scope pane : the left window in the MMC, the scope pane corresponds to the left pane in Microsoft Windows NT Explorer. The scope pane lists all the services that can be administered through the MMC. This may include multiple servers and multiple services, such as Microsoft Transaction server and FTP server.

Results pane : The right window in the MMC, the results pane corresponds to the right pane in the Windows NT Explorer. When you select a node in the scope pane, the result pane displays a list of all elements and services that fall within the domain of that selected node.

Rebar : The MMC has three menu bars. The lowest of these three is the Rebar. The Rebar consists of Action and View pull down menus, plus two additional toolbars or bands. The commands associated with Rebar menus and bands all change with respect to the selected node. Functions tied to individual services such as the Performance Monitor for IIS are all found on the Rebar.

Nodes: Nodes, which appear in the tree view of the scope pane, are instances of individual services. For example, a computer on a network or a Web service on a particular server may appear as as node in the scope pane of the MMC. You can open the property sheets of any node by right clicking on it and selecting Properties from the pop up menu.

Icons: The icons in the scope pane depict an object, service or item.

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MMC Interface

An MMC console window has two panes. The left pane (the scope pane) shows a tree view of the namespace, which is the hierarchy of all the item that can currently be managed by MMC. Each item (called a node) is one of a variety of objects, tasks or containers that serve as management tools.

You administer the network by taking action on the contents of the result pane (the right pane) or by using commands in toolbars or command menus.

Command menus and bands on the Rebar (the lowest bar above the scope and result panes) adjust automatically to correspond to the node selected.

You can create multiple windows within the MMC. Each window can have a different view of the current namespace. The console always has one current master namespace, each child window may just provide a different view of that master namespace. Multiple windows enable you to view and switch to multiple parts of the console interface at once.

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Benefits of MMC

MMC provides many advantages to server administrators:


The MMC enables total console customization. Administrators can create management consoles that include only the exact administrative tools they need. Customization helps make administration more task-oriented. A customized tool set will related more closely to the tasks an administrator needs to perform as apposed to a large array of objects and features, only a few of which are used.

Integration and Commonality

MMC provides common framework in which snap-ins can run, making it possible for administrators to manage various network products by using a single integrated interface. Because all snap-ins run in the same framework and must conform to the same specifications, the look and feel of each will be similar. This makes learning to use each tool easier for administrators.

Flexibility in Choosing Tools and Products

MMC does not restrict users to any specific protocols, enabling them to choose the best product of each type. Users can manage tools seamlessly, without compatibility problems.

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Microsoft Management Console (MMC)


The primary management interface for Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) is the Microsoft Management Console (MMC).

A cross application and shared management tool, the MMC provides a framework for administering multiple network management programs. In addition to being included as a component for the Microsoft Windows NT Option Pack, the MMC will be incorporated into Windows NT.

The MMC console by itself does not provide any functionality, but it does provide a common environment for snap-ins. Snap-ins provide the actual management environment for each associated product. For IIS, the implemented snap-in is Internet Service Manager. When you start Internet Service Manager, the MMC starts and loads the Internet Service Manager snap-in.

In future release of all Microsoft BackOffice products, including Windows NT, administrative tools will be converted to MMC snap-ins. MMC specifications are also available to third party companies and many third party software vendors will ship products managed by snap-ins. Example of these tools include the Microsoft Active X, Real Audio controls, Wrag Image Edit controls and Microsoft Certificate mapper. Administrators can create or purchase additional tools to be used with specific snap-ins.

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Custom Installation of IIS

How to Install IIS

The custom installation option offers a choice of all components included with the Windows NT Option Pack. In addition to the previously listed components, the following options are available:

Certificate Server : Enables you to issue your own client and server certificates.

Internet Connection Services for RAS : Core Windows NT services that facilitate the creation of secure, seamless virtual private networks (VPN) and improved dial-up connections.

NNTP Service: Support Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) used for discussion groups.

Site Server Express: Makes it possible for you to analyze activity logs to determine site usage statistics and check links on your Web site to be sure they are functioning properly.

Visual InterDev RAD Remote Deployment Support: Enables the remote deployment of applications on your Web server.

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Typical Installation of IIS

The Typical Installation

option includes all the components offered in the minimum installation option in addition to the following components:

Active Server Pages: Enables you to use server side scripting and components to create browser independent dynamic content.

Documentation : Provides you with online documentation covering server administration, content management, and content development, including indexing, scripting and programming.

Front Page Extensions: Makes it possible for you to use Microsoft FrontPage to manage your Web site and to create the web site content.

Index Server: Creates a site index and search for text in a variety of formats.

Microsoft Script Debugger: Provides you with a comprehensive debugging environment for testing and correcting errors in your Web document scripts. You can use Microsoft Script Debugger to debug both client scripts and server scripts.

Windows Scripting Host : Enables you to use Cscript or Wscript to administer servers from the command line.

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Minimum Installatioin for Microsoft Internet Information Server

The minimum installation option conserves hard

disk space and offers the following limited components:

  • Internet Information Server – A Web server that uses TCP/IP to host Web sites on the corporate Intranet or the Internet.
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Service – Installs the necessary components to operate an FTP server.
  • SMTP Service – Supports Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP).
  • Microsoft Management Console (MMC) – Provides the ability to custom design administration tools taht “snap-in”. The MMC creates a uniform look and feel, regardless of the administration tool being used.
  • Internet Service Manager snap-in – Offers complete control of your Web and FTP sites with a wizard driven graphical interface.
  • Internet Service Manager (HTML) – Administers your Web and FTP sites from across the Intranet or Internet by using a Web browser.
  • Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) – A transaction processing system for developing, deploying and managing distributed server applications. A transaction is a server operation that succeeds or fails as a whole, even if the operating system involves many steps. MTS also supports process isolation of applications.
  • Microsoft Data Access Components – Eases use of databases with support for a variety of connections including Microsoft Active X Data Objects with Remote Data Service and OLEDB.
  • Windows NT Option Pack Common Files – Core program files needed by all components.

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Windows NT Security Features

Windows NT Security

You may want to review and enable Windows NT Server security features to help secure your IIS installation. These Windows NT security features include:

  • Using a complex password scheme.
  • Maintaining strict account policies such as limiting the Guest account to specific directories on the server.
  • Limiting the membership of the administrators group.
  • Running only the service and protocols required by your system.
  • Checking permission on network shares.
  • Enabling auditing.
  • Formatting drives as NTFS and applying appropriate permissions.

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Configuring Operating System Prior to IIS Installation


Before installing IIS and associated components, make sure that your Windows operating system is setup with the following:

TCP/IP : IIS requires Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). TCP/IP provides the Internet connectivity necessary for retrieving data from the Internet and for hosting a site on the Internet.

NTFS : IIS require use of NTFS file system for SMTP service. NTFS allows users to limit access to files and directories on a Windows NT Server. The use of NTFS is key to maintaining a secure Internet server and is necessary component of SMTP service.

IP Address for Server : Simply installing components of the Windows NT Option Pack – including IIS does not require a static IP address. However, if you intend to use IIS to publish content to the Internet, you should have a static IP address or at least an address that very rarely changes.

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