Website Development with Joomla


Joomla for Developing Interactive Business Website

Joomla is one of the finest content management systems for those who wish to create effective business or personal websites. Business companies can hire expert Joomla Developers who can provide them with uniquely designed and developed websites or blogs exactly according to their preference. Joomla website development provides great flexibility to websites. It makes it easier for website owners to manage their pictures, content and other elements related to multimedia with ease.

These days Joomla developers are proving to be the very successful and best solution. Today the Joomla tool has turned out to be a reasonably valuable tool helping in placing the content and maintaining it correctly on a website. Perhaps the consequence of Joomla and the requirement of proper usage of intelligence like Joomla experts can just not be ignored.

Features

  • Open Source Freely available Content Management System (CMS)
  • No Technical skill or knowledge is required to manage content which includes text, images, and videos.
  • Grow your business blog to an e-commerce solution to sell products, add a support system to follow-up queries, add contact forms, a membership system and forums.
  • Remote Blogging: Using blogging software like Windows Live Writer, MarsEdit or similar, you can publish the finished post without logging in to the Joomla Administrator.

Use

You can build business websites and website applications examples include: Corporate websites and portals, E-commerce websites, online magazines, newspapers, publications and journals, Government applications, school website

Further Reading: Securing Joomla Website

Hiring Joomla Developers

If we talk regarding its advantages, then the best part of hiring these developers is you get to work with experts who dedicatedly give more time to your project. The source code is well protected as Joomla provides the highest level of security. Apart from all these, some of the other advantages associated with hiring experienced developers are:

  • Technical skill – A developer’s technical skill on Joomla, reflect in the sort of development you get. Your test and mistake process waits for your website and makes it appear unprofessional at a similar time.
  • Higher ranking on search engines – Designing and developing a website is not enough to secure larger gains on the internet. It is also essential to optimize it precisely to obtain a higher ranking on search engines. The Joomla Developers help in the effective optimization of websites so that they can secure higher rankings on search engines.
    Best cost savings may range from 60% to 70% compared to a product developed from scratch, depending on the complexity of customization
  • Aesthetic Sense – Professional Joomla developers possess vast knowledge in the field of website design and development. Such experts have a high aesthetic sense in creating websites and blogs and can, therefore, supply their clients with completely proficient services.
  • Upgraded internet sites – These developers always make use of powerful and latest technological norms with which it is possible to keep websites always upgraded. Developers can upgrade online sites from time to time with the use of the latest technology norms.

Joomla Basics


Installation

  1. Download copy from https://www.joomla.org/ Install in public_html folder of your website server
  2. Install using script installer in cPanel

Joomla website comprises of Frontend and Backend which are file based frameworks, and every bit of content, parameters, and respective values stored in MySQL database tables. Any change committed in Backend gets reflected in Frontend.
Frontend: publically visible
Backend: Comes with Administrator Panel to create content and design website and accessible by:

<domain-name>/administrator

Joomla Backend organized as:

  1. Article Manager
  2. Category Manager
  3. Media Manager
  4. User Manager
  5. Menus and
  6. Extensions

Administering Joomla website

Joomla control panel often called as Engine Room, or Administrator End is used to configure website

Global Configuration

The left side of Administrator landing page under SYSTEM, Global Configuration Tab is available. It is grouped into tabbed menu items: Site (selected by default), System, Server, Permission, Text, Filters.

Site
Site Setting: Allows you to change the Site Name or put site offline
Metadata Settings: To optimize site for search engines

Server
To view the database configuration, do not change anything here, if you are not certain, as it could bring the entire site stop working.

Creating Content

To create, manage and display ‘Content Manager’ is available which includes: Article Manager, Category Manager, Featured Articles Manager and Media Manager.

The Joomla Content Editor (JCE) is an award winning, highly configurable WYSIWYG editor based on Moxiecode’s TinyMCE. It includes advanced Image/Media, File and Link handling plug-in support and an Administration interface for editor configuration. It supports Profiles to have a different setting and editor for various user groups.

JCE Plugins

  • Media Manager: To upload, insert and manage video files
  • Image Manager Extended: For more advanced image manipulation and editing
  • Captions: To easily add captions to images
  • File Manager: To upload and insert document files
  • Iframe: To add IFrame to articles

Article Manager

Available under ‘Content’ option in Backend to create, manage and feature particular articles under different categories.

Article Title: Name of the article, it improves SEO
Article Content: Fill the required content.

Featured Article Manager

It controls the display and order of Articles on Front Page or Home Page. From the right side of the article page, configure Featured and select Yes.

Category Manager

Available under ‘Content’ option in Backend to create, edit, browse and delete categories. It groups articles, which are readily available by menu item, module or linked to.

Category Manger Buttons: New, Edit, Publish, Unpublish, Archive, Check In, Trash, Batch, Rebuild, Help, and Options

Check in: When more than one administrators are working on the backend, it allows blocking of an element on which editing is going on.

Archive: Maintains the extensive database of articles sorted by date.

Batch: Performs similar tasks (repetitive) tasks with multiple objects, thus saves time and effort.

Media Manager

Tool for uploading or deleting files in the /images directory of the web server.

User Manager

The option is available under Users menu in a backend. Options available to Managing registered users, view registration details, last login data, access level and IDs.

Other options available are ‘Groups’ and ‘Access Levels,’ to secure website from unauthorized usage. Use Access Levels Permission tabs to assign proper access rights to particular group of users. Thus restricting certain categories, articles, menus and modules viewed by non-members.

All users are arranged in groups and have access to certain parts of a website as per permission.
Default User Groups: Administrator, Author, Editor, Publisher, Guest

Menus

Menu Manager manages the website navigation. The menu items created from the components installed.

Menu Item Type: Tells the kind of item the menu should point to.
Status: Set the Menu item to Published, Unpublished or Thrashed.
Parent Item: Choose the Menu Item as Parent Item (Standalone) or sub-menu.

Components, Modules and Plug-in

Built-in extended functionlity with 3-rd party options.

Module

Display content as small blocks in a specific position around the page designed in page layout.

Add to Menu: It is an administrator module to add menu item link to the pages where component template file is available. Locate component template file in:

/administrator/modules/mod_addtomenu/addtomenu/components

Preview Module Position in Template

Extensions -> Template Manager -> Set parameter Preview Module position to Enabled

In the URL or web address append

?tp=1

Templates: The template is the face of a blog, and users enjoy reading from a properly designed template.

Extension Manager

Based on functionality extensions are divided into certain categories, find them at:

https://extensions.joomla.org/

Install Extensions
Extensions -> Extension Manager -> Select the Download Package -> Upload & Install

eXtplorer: File Management tool for Joomla to upload, download and edit files and directories on server via FTP or direct access. It makes heavy use of ExtJS and could also be used as a standalone app. The interface is like Desktop application with drag & drop, grid, and directory tree.

Extensions for Blogging

  • K2
  • EasyBlog
  • WordPress for Joomla
  • Zoo
  • CB Blogs
  • RS Blogs
  • Users

Steps to Secure Joomla Website

  • Administrator Access
    Rename the Administrator’s username from admin to something else.
    Password must be a combination of other characters.
    Keep your login information secure.
  • Update Joomla
    Keep Joomla Core files updated as per the latest version.
  • Backup
    Take backups periodically
  • Good Hosting
    Choose Host which provides Anti-malware, anti-spyware, anti-virus, DDoS protection, Firewall and Anti-hacking shied.
  • Delete old unused and badly coded 3rd party extensions

Joomla Templates


The template is the face of a blog, and users enjoy reading from a properly designed template. Graphical representation of website determined by layout, colours, typefaces, graphics and other aspects that make site unique. With a bit of knowledge of CSS and HTML, and by adjusting parameter settings through the control panel environment, you can make your template unique. You can change colours, template width and the number of columns.

Features of Good Template

  • Responsive: Web site adapts to different iPad, iPhone or Android Phone screen sizes.
  • Proper Documentation: Developer provides the detailed documentation for replicating the demo site look.
  • SEO-Friendly: A light and efficient template gets indexed well by search engines
  • Output clean HTML and CSS: Efficient code and layout structure impact the efficiency of the website.
  • Flexible Module System
  • CCK Styling: With built-in K2, you get styling for the component that matches the template style from the start.
  • Standard Compliance: Compatible with most of the browsers.

To View templates

Extensions -> Template Manager

There are 2 types of templates:

  1. Site Template (Front-end Presentation): To change the public look-n-feel of a website.
  2. Administrator Template (Back-end Presentation): To change administrator interface looks.

Template Resources

Already available Joomla Templates to enhance the website design.

  • Free Templates: Provided by Joomla Community
  • Commercial Templates: For premium templates, visit the table below for Joomla providers.

Website Visitor Information


A webmaster might be interested in knowing details about visitors.

  • Source: How they enter the website, directly, through a search engine, paid traffic, social media, or email campaign.
  • Pages visited, time spent on each page, navigation
  • Number of visitors, their geographical regions (City, State & Country wise)
  • Website Bounce rate

Analytics Tools

  • Google Analytics
  • Clicky
  • Mint
  • KissMetrics
  • Mosueflow

Make Money Online Using a Website

If your website receives thematic traffic, you can convert it into a cash cow.

  • Advertisements: You can provide the space for text or banner links for advertisements and earn through them.
  • Product review by adding affiliate link: Companies like CJ, & Impact pay for the purchases made through the affiliate link.
  • Sell Digital Products: Sell articles, tutorials, images, reviews, and many more.
  • Sell Hosting & Domains: You can sell domain names i.e., unique names for the website & web hosting services.
  • Web Design and Development Services: Build customized websites for individuals or businesses.
  • Web Design and Development Services: Create and customize a website for individuals and businesses.
  • Search Engine Optimization Services: Help choose the simple, easy-to-remember, attractive, catchy & brand-oriented domain with no trademark violation. Highlight the business by ranking it on a search engine on premium keywords.

Desktop OS Platforms


  • Windows
  • Linux
  • Mac

Linux Operating System

Linux has rapidly gained the market in the desktop systems segment. Software vendors like Red Hat, Deepin, SUSE, and Ubuntu brands are now widely used in government, enterprises, OEM, communities, and other fields.

The low cost, powerful customization features, open-source, and good portability have made it widely used in embedded systems especially mobile phones, tablet computers, routers, TVs, and electronic game consoles. The customized versions of Linux are available in digital video recorders, Stage lighting control systems.

Android world’s most popular smartphone operating system created on top of the Linux kernel. It has taken most of the iOS market and has reached 84.6%, according to the latest statistics from authoritative departments in 2015.

Cisco is using customized Linux in network firewalls and routers.

Windows Operating System

For few decades, Windows has massively dominated the desktop systems market. Mainly in terms of system ease of use, system management, software and hardware compatibility, and software richness.

Mac Operating System

Popular among designers, creative professionals in films, entrepreneurs, management executives, and writers.

Solve Technical Problems


Experts have hands-on practice and skills to resolve system issues. Daily, working and doing regular operations on the system, they get expertise. Even they understand other system processes for which they have theoretical knowledge. The technical staff of most enterprises is involved in configuring application servers, networks, and system security.

Learning each command with all its parameters needs a lot of practice, and no one is a complete master. Most Linux commands we forget as they do not come in use over a while.

When an expert encounters an issue, they start searching for information online and browsing technical forums. For almost 90% of such, they have help documents, instructions, and FAQs. The 10% depends on their ability or by asking others about the resolution process. The technical experts, senior operation and maintenance engineers, or system architects keep themselves updated with highly comprehensive knowledge of programming language and cluster & distributed architecture.

The Linux distros come with minimum requirements, recommended configurations, and installation options (such as a graphical interface or character interface). The organizations may have different setup planning for hosting servers. Administrators use the Kickstart tool for unattended Linux system installation. They create ‘ks.cfg‘ response file through various parameters or settings that need manual intervention in the typical installation process.

Linux Server Security


  • Installation On Demand: Install only the required package for maximum system efficiency and system safety. As excess software packages not only occupy disk space but also bring potential security risks to the server. Do not install any third-party package until verified.
  • Independent Partitions to Applications: Recommended to assign individual partitions to applications. So that even if any partition gets destroyed, it will not affect the data of others and can minimize the loss caused by system crashes.
  • Root Password: The root password must contain a mix of uppercase-lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. Thus, making it secure against dictionary attacks.
  • Avoid logging into the system directly with the ROOT account.
  • Regularly update the system to fix lags or bugs.

Linux To Build Cloud Computing

According to the Linux Foundation’s research, almost 86% of enterprises have used Linux to build cloud computing and big data platforms.

Enterprise-level applications require high reliability and high stability on the system platform. Mostly RHEL commercial Linux distribution and non-commercial release Centos are the best choices.

Red Hat provides system technical support and provides free system upgrades. For the same, enterprises purchase commercial authorization and consulting services.

CentOS does not provide commercial support, hence recommended to companies having the corresponding technical strength.

Linux The Backbone Of The Server Operating System

  • Free & open-source software UNIX-like operating system under The GNU/GPL General Public License. Its entire source code is available for free use, modification and redistribution. It occupied maximum market shares in the server operating system market structure. Also, maintained rapid growth in key areas like finance, government, agriculture, transportation, web hosting, IT industry, and telecommunications.
  • It occupies almost 75% market share in the server field.
  • In 1991 Linus Torvalds released the Linux Kernel. After that user-space applications got added like GUI components and many other utilities.
  • Red Hat Linux commercialized its tools to be sold for enterprises looking for a database administration system.
  • In addition, considering the rapid growth of Linux and the support of relevant national policies in different countries, Linux server products are bound to impact the larger server market.

Linux is the topmost choice of business organizations


Linux is authoritative and accessible as it is dependable, reliable, and resilient. It has a vast community which takes ownership to Linux distributions and helps to develop services, and applications and provides remedies to bugs.

Linux Enterprise Distributions

Cent OS (Communication Enterprise Operating System)
https://wiki.centos.org/Download
It’s free and open to use under the terms of the GPL license.


Red Hat, Debian, SUSE Enterprise

Home or Enthusiast-oriented Distributions

Fedora, Open SUSE

Benefits

  • The administrators modify the GRUB menu to make it more secure, furthermore use the command line to debug and repair boot issues.
  • Linux files and directories are just different file types. The BTRFS (Better FS) enterprise file system is blown away with power and ease in comparison to early traditional file system designs like LVM.
  • Administrators can download packages for distribution with no requirement for their installation.
  • Easy to manage processes and control services.
  • Managing users require less time.
  • Nginx – a performance-centric web server, is rapidly taking share market from Apache and has already surpassed IIS.
  • PAM (Pluggable Authentication Module) helps to manage when and how users connect.
  • Administrators can harden the Linux system to gain the best.

Business Web Hosting on Dedicated Servers


Most branded businesses opt for a dedicated server or cloud hosting for their website.

Why dedicated-Server?

  • Host-only the customer’s website who has rented the Server
  • Provides total control of bandwidth, space, and security
  • Dedicated equipment leased from the provider is often reliable
  • Most companies offer excellent customer services

Discounts

Most companies offer attractive discounts when the payment mode is quarterly, half-yearly, or annually. The businesses choose a monthly way, as they don’t want to be stuck for more extended periods.

Dedicated Server Customers

  • Large businesses or websites having substantial traffic
  • The websites collect credit card information, name, address, or other private or confidential details like shopping carts, and forums.
  • Online gaming or casino websites

Benefits Over

Shared Hosting

  • Mostly hosting business starters or personal websites devoted to a celebrity or resume web pages.
  • Limited or otherwise capped space and bandwidth

Free Server

  • Mostly hosting personal web pages.
  • The provider puts ads on web pages to compensate for the cost.

Drawbacks

Costliest: cost runs a couple of hundred dollars

Find the best-dedicated server providers on Ananova, where quality companies are listed with the monthly rate, space, and bandwidth they are offering.

From Personal To Professional


Nowadays, PHP is used for both the ‘Personal Home Page’ and ‘Professional Home Page’ development of website applications and pages.

PHP – Hypertext Pre-Processor

Features

  • Simple: easy-to-use
  • Open Source: free
  • Server-side scripting language: Applications run on a server. The code contains HTML and PHP code placed between ‘<?PHP’ and end ‘?>’ tags.
  • Programming Style: Procedural or Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
  • Powerful: fast to implement, logic and commands similar to C language
  • Development Environment: Linux, UNIX (HP UX, Open BSD, Solaris) Windows, Mac OS, RISC OS
  • Supported Web Servers: Apache, IIS, FastCGI (Lighttpd & Nginx)
  • Secured
  • Flexible: Almost 75% of websites are designed using PHP which includes Facebook, Yahoo
  • Web Development Features: dynamic content, sending & receiving cookies.
  • Database Support: Supports a wide range of databases and their functions like MySQL to retrieve, edit, delete, and many more operations. Supports Abstraction layer such as PDO or database connect using Open Database connection via ODBC. Connect to other databases via cURL or sockets like CouchDB.
  • Support connections with other servers to create raw network connections using protocols like HTTP, LDAP, IMAP, NNTP, PoP3
  • Writing desktop applications using a graphical interface
  • Word Processing or Text Processing which includes regular expressions, XML document interpretation, and access. Generate and display text from XHMTL or XML files.
  • Advanced Features: Can work as a web-server module or CGI interpreter, executing code using Cron-tables in Linux or Task Scheduler on Windows (such scripts run from the command line using PHP interpreter), creating image & PDF files, make video adjustments.